Today’s sportswear is created from a plethora of different materials, each sourced in a unique way, and each offering its own properties to the wearer. From cotton to microfibre, these are all the kinds of materials we use for today’s sports.
Previously, the assumption that existed among the people was that cotton is a fabric retains a lot of moisture, making it a bad option for active wear. Despite this, however, cotton actually has good smell control compared to other products as it is breathable and does not hang on to the stench. However, cotton is still behind when it comes to rapid absorption of sweat.
As the name suggests, microfibre is a material made of coarse, compact thread fibres that isn’t too thick and heavy to wear. This means that microfibre has 100-fold smaller fibres than a human hair. It doesn’t occur naturally, but is instead created in a factory. Microfibre is an amalgam of numerous polyester forms. Hence, microfibre is an expensive component that is often used for branded active wear.
Spandex is one of the most commonly used sportswear fabrics on the market. It has a strong stretchability that makes movement of the clothing flexible and relaxed. In fact, it is recognized that this fabric extends 100 times more than its original size, making it a favourite sportswear product. It’s also well known for its ability to absorb moisture and keep the body cool and dry, whether it’s from a day out on the field or staying at home playing the best roulette for New Zealand players.
Another common type of material used in sportswear is polyester. It is essentially fabric made of plastic fibres that makes it thin, wrinkle-free, long lasting and breathable. In nature, it is non-absorbent, meaning your sweat is not absorbed by this material readily. Polyester also has insulating qualities, which makes it an excellent choice for both hot and cold weather.
Nylon is a very soft material that has a texture similar to silk and is known to dry fast. Nylon also sheds wetness, meaning it tends to dry quickly. Nylon is also resistant to mildew, which helps the material last longer, and also has a good capacity for stretching and recovery.
Polypropylene is a fabric based on plastics. Nevertheless, this material is completely water-resistant, which ensures that the fabric will not be soaked from the inside even if the moisture falls on the outside surface of your clothes. This material can be used with another fabric as a single fabric as well as a base layer.
Wool is a great material for sportswear in cold weather areas. The woollen cloth fibres trap heat and help keep you warm. Woollen fabric is breathable, making it an odourless sportswear option.
Neoprene is a synthetic fabric and is one of the thickest materials on the list. It has a consistency like a sponge and serves as an insulator as well as a barrier for air. Therefore, neoprene is mainly used in the development of water sportswear such as diving suits.